The Dalmatian dog is energetic, playful and cheerful, however, the quadruped can be shy if not socialized. This dog loves children and tolerates other pets. It is smart and easy to train, and it is perfect for growing at home, in a rural area or in the suburbs. It has a good relationship with family members, being very obedient to the owners. Its care is not complicated, but it requires constant care of the fur.
Dalmatian dogs are medium-sized dogs with a muscular and athletic body. The head is slightly elongated, with the flat skull and sharp muzzle. The eyes are round, black or blue. The muzzle of the quadruped is the same color as the spots. The spots can be black or brown and appear within the first 2 weeks of life.
The ears are triangular and lie down, reaching halfway up the cheek. The body is well-made, with a deep chest. The legs are muscular, the back is straight, and the neck is long and slightly arched. The tail is slim from the base to the tip and is worn horizontally, slightly curved upwards. The fur is short, smooth, glossy and compact.
Although the colors accepted in the competitions are only black and brown for the spots on the fur, there are specimens of this race that have spots of lemon color, dark blue or tricolor. The height of a Dalmatian dog is 50-60 cm, and the weight is 20-25 kg.
The Dalmatian is an ideal dog for you if you are an active owner and have experience in breeding such dogs; or you are willing to make the necessary documentation to learn how to do it. Moreover, if you want a smart and easy-to-train dog that is suitable for a family with children, the Dalmatian is definitely one of the options.
However, the Dalmatian is not the best choice if you want a dog with a low energy level or who loves the apartment life. In addition, if you do not have the patience to dress and train the dog, the relationship with a Dalmatian could be complicated.
The Dalmatian, one of the most physically recognizable dogs, is very friendly, lively, extremely close to the master and loving to children. The quadruped is obedient to orders, intelligent and always cheerful.Full of energy and family friendly
Dalmatians need human presence, but they can become shy or not receptive to strangers. It is precisely for this reason that their socialization with people is recommended since they are children.Accompanying dog
Due to his personality and physique, the Dalmatian has long been used as a companion of carriages, around the 19th century in England. It was intended to protect the aristocrats against the bandits.
In addition, the Dalmatians are also used by the police and the army, due to their agility and instinct of guard and protection.
Today, the Dalmatian is an excellent utility dog, but also a good companion and member of the family. Coping with obedience and resilience competitions.Interaction with family
The Dalmatian dog loves the human company, and the high intelligence makes it easy to integrate into a family. He attaches deeply to his master and is obedient when given orders. Friendly and tolerant, the Dalmatian is a good watchdog and a member of the family that anyone will love.
The energy and the desire to play are advantages in relation to the family's neighbors, the Dalmatian being recognized for his tolerance towards children, but also for the affection he will carry.
However, Dalmatian dogs should be supervised during the period when their children are young, because they are very energetic, they can accidentally injure them.Interaction with other animals
Unlike other breeds, Dalmatians have a high tolerance for other animals. They get along well with pets if socialized as a child.
Compared to other dogs, they can sometimes be aggressive if they are strangers. In order to be sure that the interaction with other animals is good, you must pay attention in this regard when training.
An important mention would be the Dalmatian's special friendship relationship with horses, based on the Dalmatian's past use of being a companion to the horses.Shy with strangers
The Dalmatian adopts a reserved attitude towards strangers. It is advisable to be socialized as a puppy with people they are not used to, otherwise it is possible to become shy. The ability of guard dogs is rendered by the precaution they have towards strangers. However, the Dalmatian will bite only if challenged.
For a good health, the Dalmatian needs a rich but not exaggerated diet, as the dog has a tendency to fatten.
Dalmatians will crave even the master's food, however, it is recommended that in addition to the cooked food to be offered special dry food for his breed, because it contains all the necessary nutrients for the dog. Besides these, it is not recommended that their menu has a high level of protein.
Moreover, Dalmatians can also be fed fruits and vegetables, but it is good to have the seeds removed before, because they can be harmful to the stomach. Weekly consumption of beef bones is also recommended in order to help the maintain of the strong teeth.
The Dalmatian menu should be divided into 2 daily portions of food, adapted to the dog's age and needs. Also, the dog should not lack water.Care
The Dalmatian dog requires careful and repeated care of the fur, especially since it will scavenge in considerable quantities twice a year. This is why it is advisable to brush several times a week in order to remove dead hair.
The quadruped should not be bathed more than 3-4 times a year in order not to dry his fur. His skin is more sensitive, so during the winter, when the humidity is low, it is possible for the Dalmatian’s fur to become dull.
The dog's ears should be checked periodically to see if they are red or have a foul odor, which are signs of a possible infection. Otherwise, Dalmatians are very clean dogs, even considered sumptuous, who will often bypass the mud to avoid getting dirty.
The Dalmatian race is quite disposed to hereditary diseases. This can develop stones in the urinary tract, which will be very painful for the animal.
Moreover, some Dalmatian puppies may even be born deaf. It has been shown that the disease affects breeds of dogs that have white color and lack certain pigments. These breeds include Border Collie, Bull Terrier or some Boxer breeds.
Dalmatian dogs that are more prone have much lower chances of not suffering from this condition. This can occur in both ears or just one.
Among the diseases that can be developed by Dalmatians are also dermatitis in the skin, a condition that can be aggravated when the quadruped is scratched. Also, the Dalmatian dog may also suffer from various skin allergies, especially to synthetic carpet materials.
The most common diseases of the Dalmatian race are:
The Dalmatian dogs adapt very easily to any environment and to any task, as evidenced by the many uses that come to the quadruped: from dogs that ran beside carriages and guarded the nobles, to utilitarian animals used by the American police.
The Dalmatian can live in any environment, as long as he is part of the human presence and affection. However, the quadruped needs space to consume its energy, so special attention should be paid to daily exercises.Courtyard or apartment
The Dalmatian adapts easily to the life of the apartment, provided he goes out daily to make a move. For this reason, the ideal environment of the Dalmatian would be at home with an average yard, where he can run.Low tolerance for being left alone
The Dalmatian dog needs human presence, therefore it is not recommended being left alone for longer periods of time.Weather adaptation
Because it is short coated, the Dalmatian dog does not cope with the cold, so at night it is recommended to be kept indoors. Also, the low temperatures in winter and the fact that the animal should not be exposed to them should be taken into consideration.The tendency to bark
The Dalmatian is very energetic and likes to bark. However, he will only do so as a warning to his master when he feels danger.
Because they can sometimes be stubborn or aggressive with strangers, it is good that this behavior is modeled by training. The Dalmatian is easily trained, learning very quickly.
However, they can be slightly stubborn or shy, which is why rough training is not indicated, but one based on rewards. Dalmatians can also be easily trained for obedience or agility competitions and can be used in search, recovery, rescue, guard or protection activities.Intelligence
The intelligence of Dalmatian dogs is also given by the ease with which they learn the commands. Compared to other races, the quadruped performs very easily when given tasks and is excellent as a participant in obedience contests. In addition, the dog is a good guardian, without being aggressive and barking obsessively.Energy level and exercises
Dalmatians are very energetic dogs, sometimes even hyperactive. They really like running and they need daily exercise. The resistance they show makes them good companions for running or cycling and more.Hunting instinct and pursuit
Their guard and protection instinct makes them excellent utilitarian dogs, used especially by the US military. Thus, the spirit of pursuit and guard is more pronounced than that of hunting.
Although its origins are one of the oldest, the history of the Dalmatian is still unclear. There are two theories regarding the emergence of the Dalmatian race.
One of the theories states that these dogs come from ancient dog breeds used by Egyptians and Greeks in antiquity. The same states that the Dalmatian entered Europe coming from Egypt, through the Middle East and through the present territory of Turkey. The theory is based on frescoes and bas-reliefs found in these regions, embodying dogs similar to today's Dalmatian.
Another theory states that these dogs would be the result of the cross between the Istrian Pointer and the Bull Terrier, his ancestor being the Bengal Sparrow- Bracul Bengalez - cum ar putea fi tradus?
What is clear is that the breed standard was reached in 19th century England when the Dalmatian was used as a companion dog.
The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1888.Useful Links: