Golden Retriever is an intelligent, lively and obedient dog. It is used as a company dog, utility dog, police dog, guide dog and hunting dog. The Golden is easy to train and adapts quickly to any environment. However, it needs a constant human presence, because it can hardly stand loneliness.
The Golden Retriever is a medium-sized, muscular, robust dog with a well-proportioned and harmonious body. The head, which is almost round, has well-spaced brown or cream eyes. The muzzle of the quadruped is wide and conical, with a black nose.
The ears are medium-size, triangular and left up to the middle of the face. The limbs and neck are straight and muscular, strengthened by the straight back and wide chest.
The fur of the Golden Retriever is a medium-sized, golden one, as its name suggests. The hair is longer in the abdomen, behind the limbs, on the neck and on the lower part of the tail. The tail is long, but never twisted on the back. An adult reaches a height of 50-60 cm and a weight of 25-35 kg.
The Golden Retriever is the ideal breed if you are an active owner or have children and you want a play partner for them. Moreover, it is suitable if you are passionate about knowing the breed and eager to discover its peculiarities. If you have time for daily walks and exercises, but also for a gentle training, the Golden is definitely the right option.
However, if you want a small dog with a moderate level of energy, the Golden may not be the most suitable. This is a dog that attaches easily to its owner, so it is not advisable to have it as a pet if you would be away from home for long periods of time. Moreover, his gentle and friendly nature does not make him a reluctant guard dog with strangers, and the longer fur he has requires daily grooming.
Golden Retriever is a lively, loyal, obedient and very friendly dog. Intelligent, the quadruped has an excellent memory, and it is devoted and always tenacious. As a temperament, it is balanced, adapted to any conditions and activities. He always completes the tasks given to him, he loves his family very much and respects its hierarchies. However, it is a dog that is difficult to mature, around the age of 2, even if physically it grows faster in the first months.Excellent skills used for various purposes
Very gentle and with a special orientation in space, Golden Retriever dogs are used to guide people with disabilities or in therapies in shelters and homes. Although in the beginning the only utility of these dogs was the recovery of hunted birds, over time the true capabilities of the breed were discovered, being used even to detect narcotics or other missions of the army and police. Although they are excellent pets, they are just as good at utility dogs or competition dogs.Family interaction
Excellent companion dogs, Gold Retriever adapts very well in a family, and they constantly need the human presence. Very loyal, obedient and patient, these dogs will love their owner unconditionally. They are calm and balanced dogs, not aggressive at all and have no desire to do damage through the house.
A Golden Retriever will get along well with children, being a very sociable and patient animal. Gentle and loving, this dog will be emotionally attached to the little ones of the family and will try to protect them permanently. However, the good relationship between the kids and the quadruped will be maintained in a harmonious condition if the children learn not to try to take away the food or disturb the dog while eating or sleeping, as any dog, it can have unpleasant reactions in these situations. .Interaction with other animals
The Golden always looks for the presence of other animals. He gets along very well with other dogs, so you don't have to worry about socializing with them.Friendly with strangers
With a gentle and friendly temperament, it is very possible for a Golden Retriever to accept strangers very easily. This does not make him an excellent watchdog. However, they will alert the arrival of strangers.The tendency to bark
In general, the Golden Retriever barks very little and then only to alert its owners in case of danger.
In terms of nutrition, a Golden Retriever will never be pretentious. The Quadrupeds can be fed 2-3 times a day with special dry dog food taken from the market or with home-cooked food. However, they are greedy dogs, so it is advisable to monitor well the amount of food offered to them, because they can easily reach overweight.
It is advisable to provide the quadruped with a higher quality and low-fat diet during the period of 4-7 months when the puppies grow quickly in a short period of time. This sudden growth can develop some bone conditions, so a specific feed is indicated to prevent the dog from growing too fast.Care - an unpretentious breed
The fur of a Golden Retriever is very rich, so it needs weekly brushing with brush made from pig hair. Brushing can also be done daily during the moulting period. The dog should be bathed periodically, about once every 2 months with a special dog shampoo. It is recommended that the ears, which are folded, and the eyes to be checked and cleaned regularly to prevent infections. Nails should be kept short and teeth should be brushed once a week to prevent tartar deposition.
Like other purebreds, the Golden Retriever can suffer from congenital diseases, most often related to the sight of the quadruped. Improper diet can cause obesity, but also a skin condition called moist food eczema. As well, this breed can suffer from various types of cancer, the most common being Hemangiosarcoma, which is manifested by the appearance of tumors of the vascularization of the heart, liver or spleen.
The most common diseases of the Golden Retriever breed are:
Overall, the Golden Retriever dogs are intelligent animals that adapt easily to any environment and are not fussy at all. The quadrupeds can live in the apartment, as well as at home, with a large, fenced yard. Their training is very easy, because they like to learn and take orders very quickly. The proof lies in the diversity of areas in which these dogs become useful.Yard or apartment
Being an animal that adapts easily, the Golden Retriever can be raised both in the yard and in an apartment. The only thing to mention in this regard is the fact that he will always need to exercise and consume his energy. The Golden prefers an active life, where he can play sports and participate in various activities.Very low tolerance for being left alone
Compared to other animals, the Golden Retriever is dependent on the human presence and needs it all the time. They do not like loneliness and might develop behavioral disorders if they are kept too much alone.Adaptation to the weather
Regarding the adaptation to high or low temperatures, the dog is quite resistant, having an iron health and a fur that will protect him permanently.
Very intelligent, Golden Retriever dogs are also very easy to train. However, quadrupeds must be taught from an early age to respond to commands, and training must be as gentle as possible. They will learn quickly and will always be willing to learn new things. Instead, the master must make him feel appreciated, so that at the end of each lesson it is indicated that the Golden Retriever be rewarded. If the purpose of training is only to have an obedient and balanced family dog, the training can be done even by the owner, otherwise it is advisable to call a specialized instructor who will know how to emphasize all the skills and qualities of this breed.Intelligence
Golden Retriever is recognized as one of the smartest dogs, as evidenced by the many utilities offered. He learns quickly, is obedient, devoted and an appreciated pet dog. The set of qualities he has puts him in a leading place when it comes to a ranking of the best pets.Energy level and exercises
The Golden Retriever dogs are agile and have a high level of energy. They need long walks, exercises and enough space for daily movement. They like to run, swim, catch balls and even run next to the owner's bike. Therefore, they need to be provided with the necessary daily movement.The instinct of hunting and tracking
In its beginnings, the dog of this breed was used to recover hunted birds. Today, the Golden Retriever is one of the most versatile breeds, which can be used in many activities: hunting dog, competition dog, police dog, guide dog, therapy dog and pet dog.
The Golden Retriever dogs come from the Scottish area, from the 19th century. It is said that an important role in the emergence of this race was played by Lord Tweedmouth, as he wanted to create a disciplined, agile and intelligent breed to help them hunt birds. The creation of a new breed of hunting dog was necessary at that time, due to the fact that the hunters began hunting birds with firearms, and these had to be recovered from great distances.
Another theory states that the Golden Retriever breed appeared by crossing a long-haired, beige Retriever with a short-haired Tweed Water Spaniel, which has since disappeared. The result was eventually crossed with Bloodhound, the Irish Setter and other Spaniards.
Originally called the Golden Flat-Coat, it spread very quickly throughout the UK and gained a high level of popularity due to its qualities. The Golden Retrievers arrived later (in the early 20th century) in the U.S.A.
The dog was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1925. As for today, it is one of the most popular breeds in the world.Resources