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- affectionate and gentle with children


About Pug

Pug is a cheerful, gentle and affectionate dog. It is suitable for owners of all ages and is ideal for apartment living, given that it has a low level of energy. The unique way of communicating, with snoring and puffing, can often lead to eye and respiratory problems. Pug dogs behave well with children, house guests, as well as other dogs.

What does a Pug look like?

Pug dogs are the strongest dogs of the small breeds. They have a compact and muscular body. The head is round and the muzzle is square and flattened. The eyes are prominent, round and black, and the ears are short and bent. Both the ears and the muzzle are always black. The face of a Pug is characterized by deep folds which give the dog a certain expressiveness. Although small, Pug dogs have a solid body, consisting of a prominent and straight chest with muscular limbs. The back is slightly oblique, and the tail is always arched at the hips. The fur is short and smooth and can be both black and brown or silver. A Pug dog can reach a height of 25-35 cm and a weight of 6-10 kg. The life expectancy of a Pug is 12-15 years.

The ideal master for Pug

The Pug is ideal for a person who lives in the apartment and has a balanced lifestyle. Moreover, it is suitable if you want an adaptable and easy to care dog. The Pug dog is also a cheerful fit for a family that has small children who want a play companion for them.

However, the Pug dog is not a good choice if you are bothered by the dog's snoring and puffing. It is not advisable to consider a Pug if you want a very active quadruped or if you do not have time to train. Being a sensitive breed, the Pug is not suitable if it will have to live outside the house or if it will have to spend a lot of time alone when you are gone.

Pug's personality and behavior

The Pug dog is a lively, friendly and very gentle animal. Not at all aggressive, the quadruped exudes joy and loves the attention of those around him. His way of being is a comic one, he has a unique way of communicating: by puffing and snoring. Quadrupeds of this breed have a very low level of aggression and get along well with children and other pets. They are not irascible and have a really calm and playful temperament. They can sometimes be stubborn or inflexible. They have an average energy level and are suitable for people who spend more time at home.


The pug is undeniably an excellent pet dog, as evidenced by the affection and love he has for his adoptive family. Even if it does not act aggressively and does not bark without really needing it, the Pug dog is also a good guard animal.

Family interaction

Pug dogs are one of the most suitable dog breeds for family life. Due to their loving and calm temperament, they get along very well with all members of the adoptive family and will be happy to always be around them. They are just as affectionate with the little ones, being a happy playmate. Not at all aggressive, quadrupeds will behave exemplary with children, so you do not have to worry about the moments when the animals are around the little ones.

Interaction with other animals

Pug dogs are also friendly with other animals and can't wait to have playmates. Very sociable, the Pug really prefers to sleep next to his brothers.

Watch out for strangers

As for the relationship with the strangers, it's a balanced one. He will be friendly with people he does not know, but cautiously, taking care to warn if he feels a danger to home and family.

Low tendency to bark

Even with its small size, the Pug can be an excellent watchdog because it is very vigilant. Only bark when necessary.

Pug dog food and care


Pork or boiled bones should not be included in the diet of a Pug, as they might cause certain internal bleeding. Otherwise, the daily food of the Pug dog must consist of dry food, but also wet food. They can be fed chicken, turkey, beef, vegetables or fruits, eggs, pasta and rice. Because it has a tendency to gain weight, the weight of a Pug dog must be constantly monitored. It is also advisable to always have a bowl of water next to the food bowl, because these dogs tend to dehydrate more easily.

Care - an unpretentious breed

Being a breed with short fur, the Pug is very easy to maintain, with a simple brushing. The quadruped does not need regular baths or very expensive treatments. The owners, on the other hand, must not forget about daily exercises and constant walks, so that the quadruped does not end up gaining too much weight. However, special attention must be paid to the wrinkles on the face, which must always be cleaned, to avoid the installation of an infection. Pug dogs bark periodically, but a lot, which is why they are not suitable for people with allergies.

Common ailments and predisposition to disease

Pug dogs have a rather weak immune system, so they are prone to a greater number of diseases. Due to wrinkles on the face, certain infections can occur if they are not cleaned constantly. Exophthalmic eyes are also sensitive, while the eyelashes can grow in the opposite direction, which will require veterinary intervention. Due to the conformation of the nose, Pug dogs often have respiratory problems: difficult breathing and snoring, but also chronic diseases. Also, avoid letting the dog play in the strong sun to avoid heart attacks.

The most common diseases of the Pug breed are:

  • Mouth and nose deformities
  • Eye and eyelid problems
  • Thermal shock
  • Shock dysplasia
  • Legg- Perthes disease
  • Dislocations of the legs
  • Encephalitis

Environment and adaptability

The Pug dog has a rather weakened immune system compared to other dogs that will withstand without problems in any weather conditions. Therefore, the quadruped prefers the apartment life and has no special needs to go out all the time. Otherwise, the Pug is very adaptable, as long as it has the attention of the owner.

Yard or apartment

The Pug dog prefers apartment life, needing only a small space to feel in his environment. So, he does well in a small house, as long as he has his family close by.

Very low tolerance for being left alone

The pug needs the presence of its owner, otherwise it will suffer when it is away from home for a long time.

Adaptation to the weather

The precarious immune system is also the reason why the Pug dog does not tolerate very high or too low temperatures. Therefore, the quadruped must stay in the house when the weather conditions are unfavorable. Avoid walking the dog when it is hot, as it can suffer heart attacks.

Pug dog training


Pug dogs are intelligent dogs and eager to please their owner. In training, it is advisable to use various and playful methods to capture the attention of the little Pug and so that he does not get bored. Because they are sensitive to the tone of voice, it is not advisable to use a high tone or harsher training methods. Although they want to do what they like, it can be harder to train, because sometimes they don't know what to do. They are not aggressive dogs, so any form of aggression must be corrected quickly. With consistent training, starting when they are puppies, Pug dogs can be easily taught to respond to commands and follow the rules of the house.


The Pug dog is a very intelligent animal, but it can become quite stubborn or inflexible. However, the quadruped is an excellent pet and even a guard, braver than anyone would think.

Energy level and exercises

They are active dogs with an average energy level. Although they love to play and walk, Pug dogs get tired pretty quickly. When they start panting, it is good to let them rest. Because they tend to gain weight, they need to be walked and exercised daily, but not for more than an hour.

The instinct of hunting and tracking

The Pug dog is a very good family companion. The instinct of hunting and tracking is not so pronounced in this breed, but rather that of guarding. However, there were frequent cases in which the quadrupeds defended their masters from potential attackers.

Other details

The history of the Pug breed

The Pug dog breed is one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origins begin 400 years before our era in China. The ancestors of today's race were the favorites of the Chinese dynasties of that period.

However, the origins of this breed are not elucidated even today. One theory is that Dutch merchants brought to the Netherlands a variety of short-haired Pekingese from which today's Pug breed developed. Another theory says that the Pug would be the result of the Bulldog's repeated crossing with the French Mastiff. What is certain is that in the 16th century, the Pug breed was in high demand in the Netherlands, where it even became the official dog of the Orange House. The title was given in 1572 after the Pug dog of the Prince of Orange, William II, saved his life by announcing the approach of the Spaniards to Hermingny.

The English painter, William Hogarth, was a big fan of this breed, illustrating himself in a self-portrait, in 1745, with his dog Pug, named Trump. Also, Napoleon's wife, Josephine Bonaparte, owned a specimen of this breed. Their popularity has grown steadily since then, reaching the United States. Today, it is one of the most beloved pet breeds.